Безкоштовне та частково субсидоване, у 20-поверхівці та котеджі, у Нью-Йорку та Єрусалимі, для молоді та пенсіонерів — це все про соціальне житло. Зараз політики й експерти в Україні люблять розказувати, що будь-яке соціальне житло — то пережиток «совка». А як усе з цим у США, Франції, Німеччині, Білорусі й Ізраїлі?

У житловій сфері можуть працювати не лише закони ринку, але й пряме державне адміністрування. Навіть у Штатах, найвідомішій країні підприємливих індивідуалістів, навіть у Німеччині, багатій державі хазяйновитих, заможних бюргерів, соціальне житло є великою нішею в житловому господарстві. Додамо розгляд споріднених між собою багатьма людськими долями і при цьому дуже різних таких невеликих країн, як Білорусь та Ізраїль. Не забудемо й Францію, романтичну країну революцій і страйків.

США

У 1-й половині 2017р. у американських медіях бурхливо обурювалися ініціативою Трампа: урізати бюджет HUD (державного департаменту США з житлового будівництва та міського розвитку) на податковий 2018р. приблизно з $46 до $40 млрд. Щоправда, влітку президентська адміністрація наполягала вже лише на півмільярдному скороченні. У липні до Вашингтону автобуси організовано привезли сотні демонстрантів на марш проти скорочення фінансування житлових програм. Згідно з джерелами, що симпатизували протестувальникам, на марш вийшло понад тисячу людей. Для США це небагато. Вашингтон бачив марші й по півмільйона — у часи масових антивоєнних та антирасистських рухів 60-х. Те, що політичні опоненти Трампа, з їхніми величезними фінансовими, медійними й організаційними можливостями, найдосвідченіші у світі організатори масових протестних акцій, не змогли використати цей інформаційний привід для розгортання більш резонансних мітингів, є непрямим свідченням того, що коштами HUD користується порівняно невелика частка американців.

Як же побудовано систему public housing — державного житла — у Сполучних Штатах? Вищезгаданий держдепартамент надає з держбюджету фінансування уповноваженим агенціям, які перебувають під безпосереднім управлінням федерального уряду, керівництва штату або міської громади, варіанти є різноманітні. Таких агенцій близько 3,3 тис. Найбільша — NYCHA, вона адмініструє у Нью-Йорку близько 90 тис. ваучерів на пільгове житло.

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99 thoughts on “КВАРТИРНЕ ПИТАННЯ: У НАС І «ЗА БУГРОМ»”

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  2. Corsario137 disse:Vejo isso tudo de forma bem simples: Seja lá qual for o escolhido, o Amorim tem o dever de explicar, da maneira que for, o porquê da escolha de determinada aeronave. Cabe a nós, sociedade organizada, cobrar nossos governantes, seja da maneira que for, com os meios que forem necessários.

  3. Hey, es ist endlich so weit und das Großprojekt kommt in den Handel?Awesome! Hab ja schon länger hier die einzelnen Infoschnippsel verfolgt, aber seit ich erstmals auf Sat1 nachts einen Full Moon-Film billigster Kajüte sah, bin ich eh heiss auf das Thema.

  4. यदि मेरे इस कमेंट को किसी पर व्‍यक्गित आक्षेप न माना जाए तो मैं अपने जीवन के छोटे से अनुभव के आधार पर कहना चाहूँगा कि समझदार और ईमानदार व्‍यक्ति हमेशा एक सी बात करते हैं।

  5. Camila, já acompanho seu blog há algum tempo e ADORO! Adorei este vídeo e amo suas dicas. Gostaria que você fizesse mais vídeos para iniciantes, pois estou começando agora e as vezes fico meio perdida, como fazer, o que comprar hahahaha Parabéns pelo seu excelente trabalho!bjs []

  6. Charlie: Excuse me, Lieutenant. Is there something wrong? Maverick: Yes ma’am, the data on the MiG is inaccurate. Charlie: How’s that, Lieutenant? Maverick: Well, I just happened to see a MiG 28 do a… Goose: We! Maverick: Uh, sorry, Goose. *We* happened to see a MiG 28 do a 4g negative dive. Charlie: Where did you see this? Maverick: YouTube

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  10. Neetu & Sam – Amazing pictures – thank you so much for capturing every moment of our special day so beautifully. The preview shots are incredible and we can’t wait to see the final version!

  11. O programa, como dito pelas pessoas acima, ficou muito bom.Bela sacada que você teve para explicar o porque do favorecimento ao Vettel.Ninguém havia pensado na possibilidade da equipe estar tentando se desculpar por sucessivos erros da equipe que prejudicaram o alemão.Um grande abraço do fundo do meu coração vermelho de outubro de 1917,Atenágoras Souza Silva.

  12. 06 Dec 05, 2007 8:52 pm I would certainly not allow you to burn in shame on your own, except I don’t really know what my guilty pleasure songs are . I know I have them, but there’s none that I wouldn’t let people hear. I might just post a list of songs that might be considered embarrassing on my blog a bit later

  13. AHHH!!!!!!! I LITERALLY was YELLING at my internet because it was taking forever to load Torrie’s images and I was DYING TO SEE THEM!!!!!!!!!! Ah!! How beautiful! I’m so so thrilled you were there to capture their day! Torrie oh. my. gosh…. you were stunning!!!!!!!

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  15. Gorgeous mashup, Renee! Thanks for including me. p.s. I’m glad you put me in the Science Department because I always sucked bad at math. And dang girl, did I KNOW that you were that skinny and hot? Geesh…I could dance for 2 weeks and not have a tummy that flat. You GO GIRL.

  16. Why do I only have the option of itemizing the bill in a group? Why cant I add more friends when I try to itemize a bill with a friend (like equally sharing a bill has an option of adding more friends to that bill).Also, Why cant I transfer what my friends owe me in a group to their individual accounts?

  17. I don’t know who stands taller in our home, the Dude or the Man. I’d have to say it’s a pretty even match. Lovely work – it brings imaging of the man up a big notch. We’re drawing you in… you’ll have to go next year…

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  19. Dejar de estudiar para ponerme a trabajar.Al cabo de unos años la cosa fue al contrario, decidí dejar de trabajar para ponerme a estudiar.Y hoy, con los estudios acabados y sin trabajo, maldigo el día en que dejé el trabajo….

  20. Eneste jeg pÃ¥pekte var at samtlige personer i rapporten kommer fra ett miljø. Du kan forsvare det sÃ¥ mye du mÃ¥tte ønske, men da vil du straks fÃ¥ problemer med saker jeg vet Maddam.no f.eks krever mangfold. Og det er spesielt Ã¥ lese at man trenger xx Ã¥r pÃ¥ universitetet for Ã¥ tenke “analytisk”.

  21. Posted on Part 1 – Ait's either a yui-like portrayal. or was she notorious for such remarks?Part 1 – BDITTO ;_;Part 1 – Dso they interviewed the anime's main lead. did they mention interviews from other cast members?Part 2 – Ai wish i was there ;_;Part 2 – Bi though satou mentioned erizabetto from the manga. though what an odd name, is there any meaning to BEEKO or it's probably a whim?Part 2 – Cso she really practiced?Part 2 – Di do hope this isn't the end of rajion >.

  22. 0  0 (0)Dos cosas, la primera es que ostias nos teneis de devolver… si teneis algún tipo de complejo ya sabeis, en el bernabeu aceptamos que la gente pueda equivocarse y os hariamos un hueco para que podais disfrutar de un buen espectáculo.Lo segundo, ¿elegancia? Un mono borracho empapado en heces de gallina bailando polca en un concierto de ska tiene más elegancia que este post.

  23. It is a disappointment… Perhaps we should start a petition!I am sure they could offer some live performances from the recent tour, if it is not possible to do a full DVD, and finally perhaps release the other stuff on DVD or Blu Ray… I was watching the bootleg of Liveism the other day, great show but poor quality!

  24. Glad to see that they are worried about where the welfare money is going. I guess if I was an Ohio taxpayer I could commend them for that much. Id hate to throw out a few grand of my taxes so someone can bust in to The Gold Club with a heater and lay waste to my investments.

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  26. Pour un Helvète je m’étonne que tu fasse l’amalgame entre centralisme et fédéralisme. Je te laisse le soin de taper “fédéralisme” dans ton moteur de recherche préféré pour te rendre compte qu’il est basé sur quelques principes de base dont tu t’es fait l’émule il n’y a pas si longtemps…

  27. OH FOR REAL, the Cantankerous Comedy Uncle and his Salty Tar Sidekick are constantly going on about the French (they may be the right age to have fought in the Napoleonic wars). You are simply foreseeing the ancient cultural pissing contest.

  28. And I doubt anyone would have a problem with 11-14 cents if they choose that pizza and actually considered Papa Johns a decent product…Papa John would be better off saying that they just don’t think their employees are worth the cost of the benefits. unfortunately that might cost them more business then a 11-14 cents rise in prices

  29. dit :J’arrive pas à voter, ça me désappointe (mais je vois que tu es en tête). Moi au début quan dje commence à jouer je le fais toujours sans grande conviction, mais assez rapidement je deviens infernale, je fais mes petites danses de la victoire à chaque question où je réponds bien et je HURLE CAMEMBEEEEEEEEEEEERT si jamais j’en ai un au Trivial Pursuit, donc faut pas jouer avec moi après 22h sinon les ouasins appellent la police

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  31. より:Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check out your site on my iphone during lunch break. I love the info you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, good site!

  32. Rich Menga / December 11, 2009It’s built-in, but is a per-application feature. As far as I’m aware, any rich text document editor has it.Notepad for example does not have paste special because it doesn’t do anything but plain text so it’s not needed. But WordPad does (although in Windows 7 it’s accessible via the paste drop-down menu and not CTRL+SHIFT+V).Reply

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  35. September 6, 2010  12:18 am by I know it’s no where near as good as you interesting posts here but let me at least give you a smile as a form of thanks for your hard work writing this stuff?If you’re not having fun, then you’re not doing it right. 🙂

  36. असं ऐकलंय की १९९८ पासुन ह्याच्या फार्मींगचा प्रयत्न सुरु आहे. तो आत्ता कुठे थोडा स्थिरावलाय. व्हेट्स कडुन रेग्युलर चेक करुन घ्यावा लागतो याला..

  37. I hate to burst your bubbles, Pollyannas, but both Bushes, Carter, Clinton, and, of course, the Kenyan, were installed by the crooks of the NWO. We haven't had a non-NWO owned president since Reagan. You people are a big part of our problem. Deaf, dumb, and blind to the reality of Big Buck Politics.

  38. I really disagree with the decision to withhold information regarding the seriousness (of the word “Microfracture”) of Andrew Bogut’s injury to the fans. This decision was likely made at the highest level. I wonder if the investors/owners were informed of “Microfracture.” Insiders withholding information to the public of a company’s future? Par for the course!

  39. I have been to this winery since the weekend that they opened their tasting room. I am a wine club member. If you can get in on this DO IT NOW! Being “somewhat” of a connoisseur of great wine, I knew from the first tasting that Mike and Lisa were headed for great success. They are wonderful, their wine is wonderful and their hospitality is top notch! Way to go Mike and Lisa!

  40. ¡Totalmente de acuerdo! La violencia, el contenido sexual explicito en horarios familiares, acceso a tantos canales y contenido a través del internet. Cualquier se siente abrumado. Si te pones a ver la exposición a todo antes de que estén listos nuestros hijos contribuye mucho a que es dificil conseguir a niños inocentes, “crecen” a una velocidad mucho más acelerada que hace dos o tres decádas. Crianza en el siglo XXI.

  41. Celestina, creo que en buena medida esa es la intención de Rodrigo al publicar estos perfiles. No creo que se trate nada más de burlarse de los anormales (¿de dónde sacas tanto fenómeno, Lirón?) que se exhiben en ellos, sino de mostrarnos por dónde se nos está yendo la civilización. No es broma, este malnacido es un ladrillo en el camino al fin del mundo.

  42. RE: Nigeria & CholeraSign of the the coming 'Water Wars' — the many epidemics that will come because of the lack of viable clean water resource throughout the world.As for the Dimwitted Duo – it doesn't shock me that right wing hucksters like Palin and Beck are hustling 9/11 to stir up the bigots for fun and profit. The sad part is that there are Americans stupid enough to fall for this nonsense.

  43. Nice pictures, Jugi.There are many reasons to visit NYC. However, cheese is not one of them; I’m pretty sure that the could kick Zabar’s ass. It’s so New York to think that the peasants outside of you wonderful city can’t possibly have access to decent food.

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  45. To be honest … I did over here .When I look at the first Sketch of XING I see some details that reminds me of my approach. but what is the thing with the name? When I do a design for a thing called “XING” it will be never the same look compared to a stiff conservative “OPENBC” Sound.cheers as

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  48. The game looks like a total cluster****. I guess they were going for that epic action movie feel with bullets and explosions everywhere but I couldn’t tell what was going on.

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  50. Menuda “prueba” que te has montado.Mucha suerte.A tu vuelta a Madrid veo que pasas muy cerca del puerto del pico y del puerto de mijares. Son dos sitios preciosos con unas carreteras de curvas impresionantes. Además ahorarías unos cuantos kilómetros de tediosa autopista y encima de peaje.Tu voto: 0  0

  51. Piacere mio Gaia! Ti leggo sempre e sono veramente contenta di conoscerti. Eh già, per fortuna ci si abitua e il sostegno è veramente fondamentale. Sei stata la prima che ho incontrato in rete e grazie a te si è aperto un mondo a me prima sconosciuto: , , etc etc. GRAZIE GRAZIE.

  52. Witaj Mateuszku i Magdo ,jak sie czujecie? Jak samopoczucie ? Tez macie taka piekna pogode ? U mnie sloneczko swieci tak zachecajaco =), ale raczej dzien spedze w domku, bo musze troszke zaleglosci na uczelni nadrobic =).Pieknej niedzieli

  53. Do you think there is any relevance to the numbers/characters in relation to the flight number being 815?Hurley -8 / Sawyer- 15…. I was thinking about Sawyers comment to Hurley in the Sideways reality about not letting others take advantage of him… Just wondering if he is going to have a bigger role than expected?I’m still wondering about Aaron, too.

  54. wow that was intense! I carry my keys like that too. My hometeacher is a security guard and he told me I should so I do. Im sorry about your frightening event. I would have probably done the same thing. I bet that guy is still laughing.

  55. Hola Jane!Thank you for the introduction to your lastest writer. Can’t wait to read her stuff.Sept has been so busy for us. My 10 yr old is playing volleyball and softball at the same time! (what was I thinking?) Trying to figure out 2 practices per wk per sport and 2 games per weekend per sport is insane!Just finished The Good Woman over the weekend and truly enjoyed it, thank you!

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  59. Hi! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any ideas or suggestions? Appreciate it

  60. Awe, thanks for the link!I know, $120 is a lot for dinner. My boyfriend and I spent about that much when we went out for our belated Valentine’s dinner at this steakhouse downtown.I’m sure your wife really appreciated it though (she did, didn’t she?) because you splurged on a night out with just the two of you and it was at a romantic villa!I wouldn’t call this lifestyle inflation, unless you started doing it every week or every month! =)

  61. I know what you mean, its hard to find good help these days. People now days just don’t have the work ethic they used to have. I mean consider wheevor wrote this post, they must have been working hard to write that good and it took a good bit of their time I am sure. I work with people who couldn’t write like this if they tried, and getting them to try is hard enough as it is.

  62. i’m confused why a document which allowed the current system is thought to be a “great document?” it enshrined rights for a select few who would be direct beneficiaries of change in power dynamic from royal to republican. the constitution was created by a newly free group of land-owning elite white males to facilitate their profit and control the populace.VA:F [1.9.21_1169](from 0 votes)

  63. "if a content is being copied the its quite obviously its being published first"sry for the typo what i meant is "if some content is being copied then its quite obvious that it is published first"

  64. Hi Michele, thanks for the feedback and the stumble There are always things we can improve and it’s a constant learning journey – I’m sure there’s a lot that you’ll be picking up and absorbing as you read and visit other blogs, and you’ll implement what’s right for you and your readers all in your own good time Joanna

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  68. no tendremos la hinchada mas numerosa ni la mas ruidosa, solo los chicos de las inferiores padres y ex jugadores, pero prefiero eso a repartirle 5 pecheras a 20 negros para que vayan a la cancha a hacer quilombo, gente que en su vida vio un partido y hacen bardo

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